New Education Policy of India


Education in India
On 29 July, the government of India introduced a new National Education Policy. This new policy has replaced the previous 34-year-old one. The new policy is focused on various dimensions of learning, vocational education and critical thinking. Implementations of these new rules will have revolutionary changes in the current education system as it has introduced some major reforms.

So what are some of the major highlights of this policy?

New Education Policy: Major Highlights


Pre schooling & new design of school curriculum

Following the footsteps of the most developed countries, the new policy emphasizes on the early education of children. Now compulsory schooling period is expanded to 3-18 years from the earlier 6-14, which will be in accordance with the new structure of 5+3+3+4 school curriculum replacing the previous 10+2. 
The new system will be:
3 years of pre-school for the children of age 3-6
2 years of primary education for the children of age 6-8 (Class 1 & 2)
3 years of preparatory education for the age group of 8-11 (Class 3-5)
3 years of secondary stage for the age group of 11-14 (Class 6-8)
4 years of secondary education  – 2 years for the age of 14-16 (Class 9-10) & another 2 years for 16-18 (Class 11-12) year students

Mother tongue as the medium of teaching

The medium of instructions shall be the home language/local language/mother tongue or the regional language preferably until class 8. Again, it is instructed that no language should be imposed on anyone.

Technology based learning

The pandemic has taught us a great lesson regarding the importance of e-learning. Keeping this in mind, the new policy aims for the tech-based education. Technology based learning will be developed through online courses, apps, digital library etc. In order to fulfill the demands of e-learning a unit will be created for the planning and implementations. In accordance to that, the students will be taught coding from 6th grade.

Vocational education and internship

No person can truly be educated only through theory-based knowledge. Therefore, the new policy has strengthened on the vocational education. Under the new policy, every child will have to learn at least one vocational course & be exposed to several others. It is estimated that by 2025, at least 50% of learners shall have exposure to vocational education. Vocational education and similar internship opportunities in the field of carpentry, plumbing etc. will be provided during the period of class 6-8.
New education policy of India

Holistic report card & self-evaluation

Self-evaluation is the most significant way of determining one’s progress. That is why the new rules indicate to include the opinion of the students themselves as well as the other classmates for the evaluation of their performances.

Since the development of a student cannot be justified only on the base of their grades, the report card will be designed based on the information of not only the marks but also their other skills.

Reduction of exam pressure 

In the present education system, most of the students do not get to learn much as they pass the exams by learning the lessons by heart. To abolish this & reduce the pressure of exams, curriculum contents will be reduced. New methods of exam will be applied focusing more on the analytical thinking rather than rote learning. Common entrance exam for universities will be introduced.

No division of streams after 12th class

The option to choose different subjects from different streams is now available for the students. As the rigid separation among different streams of science, arts and commerce after class 12 is eliminated, now students can choose any subjects of their choice by combining different streams.
For example, if a student wants to study both physics and political science now the option is available.

Multiple entry-exit option

Another method of the developed countries, which is switching to different courses, is now accessible for the students.
During the continuance of any undergraduate programme, the students will have the option of credit transfer from one course to another. Their credits earned in the previous courses will be added to the new ones & they will receive a yearly certificate for completion of each course. This is a widely recognized procedure and now India has adopted this too.

Increase of budget for education

To provide necessary facilities the allocated budget for the education sector has significantly been increased to 6% of the GDP.

Establishment of foreign university campus

Reversing the earlier decision on The Foreign Educational Institutions bill, the new policy has paved the way for foreign universities to set up their campuses in India. Now the government will allow entry of world’s top 100 universities to operate under a new law. This way the demands of accomplishing foreign degrees from the native land will be fulfilled.

Beside these, new provisions are added for children with disabilities, the minimum qualification to become a teacher would be a four year duration integrated B.Ed degrees by the year 2030 & MPhil is to be discontinued.


Though there are some debates regarding the language provision & the poor quality of present infrastructure to implement the new rules, the path breaking changes introduced in the new policy is a significant step towards the development of the harsh education system.

Now it is up to the government to implement the policy in reality to improve the quality of education and prepare the students for the challenges in future.

Writer:
Gargi Das Chomok
Gargi Das Chomok
Student, Department of law
University of Rajshahi, Bangladesh.

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