Political Dynasty Hinder In Democracy

Political anti-dynasty movement
Political dynasty is a sequence of rulers from the same family, stock or group. The rule of such a sequence, a series of members of a family who are distinguished for their success, wealth etc. It's like a modern monarchy in this era. Across South Asia political dynasties are generally in decline. The Nehru-Gandhi dynasty of the Indian Congress Party and the Bhutto clan of the Pakistan People’s Party are both deteriorating. But against this trend the "Mujib" (or Sheikh-Wazed) dynasty in Bangladesh is thriving.

We are proud to be citizens of a Democratic country  and our pride gets wings as we are entitled by the Constitution to cast our votes in forming a people’s government. Though this reality is phenomenal in the context of the political system. Bangladeshi  politics is very much personified as the dynastic nature of politics has been gaining ground since Independence. Bangladesh is not be the only nation seeking condolence on this fact. We can also see this political culture in India, Pakistan, Nepal.

Political dynasticism in South Asia and elsewhere is extensive but poorly understood. To investigate the phenomenon, we look at political competition at the regional level in Bangladesh. We argue that mechanisms and tools in the local political culture that give rise to other aspects of South Asian politics also give rise to dynasticism. Networks of political activists, enforcers, businessmen and bureaucrats are crucial to political success. We hypothesise that these networks depend on the hair's ability to embody a vital but informal trust. Political dynasticism is thus more a coincidental than a strategic outcome.

Sheikh  family may be deemed to be the pioneer of dynastic politics in Bangladesh which has been very much predominant but the Awami League  is not solely the paragon. Many other national and regional parties practice the same. The two major political parties in Bangladesh are both run by a prominent political family and their degrees of internal democracy are very weak.

The parties’ poor organisational structures are partly to blame for this situation as well as the presence of strong centralisation forces and informal decision-making mechanisms that are controlled by the parties’ dynastic leaders and a limited number of party elites. Partly because of this lack of internal democracy in Bangladeshi political parties, and partly because the dynasty of the main opposition party is broken, democracy is decaying in Bangladesh.

Political Dynasty VS Democracy

One may argue here, if there is no wrong for a doctor father to aspire his children to follow his footsteps taking up the same profession in future, a business man’s child to take forward his business legacy to the next level, an Army man’s son would one day add another sacrifice to the sovereignty of his country,  then why don’t we suppress our endurance to explode resounding aspirations of political leaders to see their children as flag bearers of their political legacy?

Because running a nation is not merely a profession, it demands more. There has to be a true competent candidate to shoulder the gravity of responsibility of governing a country like Bangladesh. How could one be conferred with power and wealth just because of one’s pre-destined birth in a particular family?

Well let  do a constructive criticism, we may come to a point that these leaders are not completely responsible for their family upliftment, rather we common people eventually make it happen. Despite our personal preferences, we follow leaders’ kids very closely and we indeed desire them as our next super leaders. We want them so desperately with putting pressure on them to outshine their family legacy with a substantial deliberation.

Our loyalty towards our leaders is so blind-folded that we avowedly bow in reverence before anyone from their families as our next masters. We even compare them with their family predecessors and if found a little less capable, we don’t think discreetly but criticize them harshly.

The entire nation must ask these self-proclaimed leaders: Are they true imposing personalities accompanied by high intellectual qualities? Are they efficient administrators? Do they possess leadership qualities that the world requires today? And most importantly, do they belong to every inch of this land irrespective of religions, caste, language, and culture?

This great nation deserves more, there must be much desirable uniformity in opportunities practised in the society and to redefine the  politics to admire a true radiant prosperous nation. True democracy would prevail only when people from all walks of life will get equal opportunity to demonstrate their potential in making this nation great and there wouldn’t be any concentration of power and wealth limited to a few.

Sabahtun Nahar Shuva
Student, Department of Political science
University of  Rajshahi, Bangladesh.

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